The Regional Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Grants Program supports the continuum of research and extension needed to increase implementation of IPM methods from development of individual pest control tactics, to the integration of tactics into an IPM system to extension education and training.  The program is administered through the Land-Grant University system's four regions (North Central, Northeastern, Southern, Western) in partnership with USDA's Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES).  The goal of the Regional IPM Grants Program is to provide support for projects that develop and help users implement IPM systems that:  1) are profitable and environmentally sound over the long-term; 2) reduce reliance on pesticides; and 3) protect and conserve ecosystem quality and diversity.




The Western region is characterized by a diversity of cropping systems in close proximity to vulnerable ecosystems and natural resources.  Public concerns about water use and quality, worker safety and public health related to pesticide use provide impetus to develop and implement regional IPM strategies.


A.  Goals of Western Region IPM Program


The goals of the Western Region IPM Program include development of long-term sustainable, profitable, and environmentally sound pest management systems for agriculture; promotion of reduced risk pest management practices; and protection and conservation of ecosystem quality and diversity.


B.  Availability of Funding/Eligibility


Funding is available to research and extension staff at Land-Grant Universities in the region.


Research and extension staff from other regions as well as staff from other state and federal agencies are encouraged to participate as members of the project team, but cannot serve as project directors.  Additional non-federal funding is strongly encouraged.  Appropriateness of budget is one of the criteria on which evaluations will be based.


Each applicant is eligible to submit one proposal as Principal Investigator/Project Director (PI/PD) and one as Co-PI/Co-PD in the research category (Section III. A.) and one to either the extension or research-extension categories (Sections III. B. & C.).




The Western region will provide funding for three types of IPM projects in fiscal year (FY) 2000:  research, extension, and research-extension.  Applicants should indicate which type of project is being proposed and submit by the deadline listed (Section X. 2.).


A.  Research


This funding category develops the research base needed for the construction of comprehensive pest management systems that have a strong likelihood of contributing to ongoing IPM implementation efforts.  Research may be proposed to develop individual tactics needed for pest management systems (e.g., biocontrol, cultural control, host resistance) or to increase the understanding of how interactions among tactics alter the effectiveness of pest management systems.  The experimental approach should emphasize field-scale experiments over multiple seasons and/or locations where appropriate.  Proposals should clearly demonstrate how the tactic or IPM system, once developed, can be incorporated into an existing production system.


Projects funded through this category may include a variety of topic areas, including:


                Developing an effective tactic for a production management system for a pest problem that currently limits the production efficiency and is generally recognized by the user community as a key priority.

                Addressing the agro ecosystem extending beyond a single commodity and addressing multiple cycles of pests over seasons and/or multiple species and complexes.

                Promoting biological diversity in pest management systems and integrating of multiple pest management tactics.

                Identifying linkages with components of existing or emerging pest management systems.

                     Demonstrating the economic and environmental benefits of IPM strategies.

                Identifying the constraints to greater adoption of IPM strategies and developing approaches to overcome these constraints.

                Promoting cooperative effort across appropriate disciplines, with linkages between research and extension efforts.

                Elucidating the relationship of ecological principals to life systems of pests and the functioning of the agro ecosystem as a whole.

                     Integrating plant and animal production in an IPM system.


Proposals may be submitted for 1-3 years’ duration with a maximum funding level of $100,000 per year.  Continued funding is subject to availability of funds and demonstration of satisfactory progress (see Section VI.).


B.  Extension


This funding category enhances outreach efforts that support the wide-scale implementation of IPM methods and maximize opportunities to build strategic alliances with industry and user groups to expand their active participation in increasing the adoption of IPM methods.  Projects may be proposed to develop educational materials and information delivery systems needed for outreach efforts, conduct field-scale or on‑farm demonstrations, or deliver IPM education and training.


A research component is not a required element of extension proposals, but the research base should be documented.  Projects funded in this category should include one or more of the following:


     IPM training and education to individuals involved with the production, processing, storage, transporting, and marketing of food and agricultural commodities.

                Development of educational materials and information delivery systems that provide IPM personnel in the public and private sectors with timely, state-of-the-art information about effective IPM strategies.


Extension proposals may be submitted for 1-3 years’ duration and a maximum funding level of $50,000 per year.  Continued funding is subject to availability of funds and demonstration of satisfactory progress (see Section VII.).


C.  Combined Research-Extension


This funding category combines research and extension activities as described in A and B above.  Research-extension projects validate pest management systems, introduce new pest management tactics into local production systems, and deliver these systems to producers and their advisors through IPM education and training programs.  The project team should include faculty with appointments in research and extension.


Research-extension proposals may be submitted for 1-3 years’ duration and a maximum funding level of $50,000 per year.




In FY 2000, CSREES will make available approximately $500,000 to support research projects, $225,000 to support projects involving a combined effort of research and extension activities, and $70,000 to support Extension projects in the Western region.  Continued funding is subject to availability of funds and demonstration of satisfactory progress (see Section VII.)


The authority for the research funding is contained in Section 2(c)(1)(B) of the Act of August 4, 1965, Public Law No. 89-106, as amended (7 U.S.C. 450i (c)(1)(B)) and the authority for the extension funding is contained in Section 3(d) of the Smith-Lever Act of May 8, 1914, ch. 79, 38 Stat. 373, 7 U.S.C. 341 et seq.  This funding is administered by CSREES, USDA.  NOTE:  For combined effort proposals, separate awards will be executed for Pub. L. 89-106 and Smith-Lever funds.




Subsection (c)(5) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. § 450i(c)), as amended by Section 212 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998, (7 U.S.C. 450i(c)(5)) requires grantees to arrange for scientific peer review of their proposed research activities and merit review of their proposed extension and education activities prior to award in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Secretary prior to the Secretary making a grant award under this authority.  These regulations were published in the Federal Register on June 24, 1999, and establish the following requirements:


(a) Prior to the award of a standard or continuation grant by CSREES, any proposed project shall have undergone a review arranged by the grantee. For research projects, such review must be a scientific peer review conducted in accordance with 7 CFR 3400.21. For education and extension projects, such review must be a merit review conducted in accordance with 7 CFR 3400.22.


(b) Review arranged by the grantee must provide for a credible and independent assessment of the proposed project. A credible review is one that provides an appraisal of technical quality and relevance sufficient for an organizational representative to make an informed judgment as to whether the proposal is appropriate for submission for Federal support. To provide for an independent review, such review may include USDA employees, but should not be conducted solely by USDA employees.


(c) A notice of completion of review shall be conveyed in writing to CSREES as part of the submitted proposal.  In the case of the Integrated Pest Management Program, applicants may (1) conduct the review at their institutions, or (2) utilize the regional panel review process.  Applicants are not required to submit results of the review to CSREES; however, proper documentation of the review process and results should be retained by the applicant.  (See Section VI. Q.)


(d) Review by the grantee is not automatically required for renewal or supplemental grants as defined in Sec. 3400.6. A subsequent grant award will require a new review if, according to CSREES, either the funded project has changed significantly, other scientific discoveries have affected the project, or the need for the project has changed. Note that a new review is necessary when applying for another standard or continuation grant after expiration of the grant term.


Scientific peer review is an evaluation of a proposed project for technical quality and relevance to regional or national goals performed by experts with the scientific knowledge and technical skills to conduct the proposed research work. Peer reviewers may be selected from an applicant organization or from outside the organization, but shall not include principals, collaborators or others involved in the preparation of the application under review.


Merit review is an evaluation of a proposed project or elements of a proposed program whereby the technical quality and relevance to regional or national goals are assessed. The merit review shall be performed by peers and other individuals with expertise appropriate to evaluate the proposed project. Merit reviewers may not include principals, collaborators or others involved in the preparation of the application under review.