Crop Knowledge Master Fungi

Bipolaris Primer

General Information Summary
Pathogens & Hosts Taxonomy Characteristics Disease Types Management Graphics References

Authors

Andrew K. Gonsalves, Educational Specialist

Stephan A. Ferreira, Extension Plant Pathologist

Department of Plant Pathology, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources

University of Hawaii at Manoa

PATHOGENS & HOSTS

Seven Bipolaris species have been reported to occur in Hawaii (Raabe, et al., 1981). The following is a list of the reported pathogens from this genus (Bipolaris) and the hosts they infect. The list is organized by the scientific and name of the pathogen species (CAPITAL LETTERS), followed by the various susceptible plant hosts. Words in blue indicate what symptom or disease a given pathogen causes on the listed hosts

BIPOLARIS CYNODONTIS

Leaf Blight:

Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon)

BIPOLARIS HAWAIIENSIS

Flecks on Flowers:

Dendrobium sp.

BIPOLARIS ORYZAE

Brown Spot:

rice (Oryzae sativa)

BIPOLARIS RAVENELII

Sooty Spike:

smut grass (Sporobolus africanus)

West Indies smut grass (Sporobolus indicus)

BIPOLARIS SETARIAE

Dark Necrotic Flecks on Flowers:

Dendrobium sp.

Leafspot:

California or para grass (Brachiaria mutica)

kikuyu grass (Panicum clandestinum)

BIPOLARIS SOROKINIANA

Dark Necrotic Flecks on Flowers:

Dendrobium sp.

Seedling Blight:

seaside bentgrass (Agrostis palustris)

BIPOLARIS UROCHLOAE

Dark Necrotic Flecks on Flowers:

Dendrobium sp.

Leafspot:

molasses grass (Melinis minutiflora)

TAXONOMY

KINGDOM: Mycetae (fungi)

DIVISION: Eumycota

SUBDIVISION: Deuteromycotina (The imperfect fungi)

CLASS: Hyphomycetes

ORDER: Hyphales (Moniliales)

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

No information is available for this section at the moment, please check future Knowledge Master Versions.

TYPES OF DISEASES

No information is available for this section at the moment, please check future Knowledge Master Versions.

MANAGEMENT

No information is available for this section at the moment, please check future Knowledge Master Versions.

REFERENCES

Agrios, G.N. 1988. Plant Pathology, 3rd edition. Academic Press, Inc: San Diego. 803 pp.

Farr, , D.F., G.F. Bills, G.P. Chamuris, and A.Y. Rossman. 1989. Fungi on Plants and Plant Products in the United States. APS PRESS: St. Paul, Minnesota. 1252 pp.

Raabe, Robert D., Ibra L. Conners, and Albert P. Martinez. 1981. Checklist of Plant Diseases in Hawaii. Hawaii Institute of Agriculture and Human Resources, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii (Information Text Series 022).

Streets, R.B. 1982. The Diagnosis of Plant Diseases: a field and laboratory manual emphasizing the most practical methods for rapid identification. The University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.

 

 

JUNE 1994

 

1-BIPOLA

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