MELON THRIPS MANAGEMENT ON EGGPLANT, 1997:
EGGPLANT: Solanum melogena L. Molokai Nitta Hybrid
Melon thrips (MT); Thrips palmi Karny
The study was conducted at the substation of the Kula Research Station, Maui Agricultural Park. The field was set up in a randomized complete block design with seven treatments and four replications (blocks). Each treatment plot consisted of a double row of eggplant planted at 30 in. between plant spacing. Each row consisted of 14 plants for a total length of approximately 35 ft. A spacing 8 ft. wide separated treatment plots. Blocks were separated by a 4 ft. spacing. Total field size was 0.35 acres. Treatments were applied at 60 psi with an output of 100 GPA using a compressed CO2 sprayer. One flat fan 6504 spray nozzle was used. Treatments were applied at 7-day intervals on 25 Jun, 2, 9, and 19 July.
Insect surveys were made on a weekly basis 5-days after the previous treatment application for a total of three post treatment surveys. At each survey, one-half of the third leaf from the apical growing tip was sampled and placed in separate plastic zip lock bags. Ten randomly selected leaves were sampled per treatment plot. Each sample was washed separately with a detergent solution and the thrips were collected on a 150 mesh sieve. Thrips were recorded by developmental stages first instar larvae (LI), second instar larvae (LII), and adults' (A). Percent MT feeding damage under the calyx of the fruit was also recorded on the mature fruit harvested from the treated plots.
Alert successfully controlled the melon thrips. All three rates of Alert effectively reduced MT on leaves during the study. AgriMek treatments gave moderate levels of control for leaf infestations of MT. The 16 oz./A rate was more effective than the 8 oz rate. Vydate L was not very effective at controlling MT leaf infestations.
Mature fruits harvested from the Alert treated plots exhibited less MT feeding damage under the calyx region of the fruit. Damage on fruits harvested from the Vydate treated plots exhibited the most amount of damage after that of the untreated check. This demonstrates that Vydate L is no longer effective in providing economic levels of MT control.
|Seasonal number of thrips/10 leaves|
|LI||LII||TOTAL||Adults||Total no. thrips|
|Alert 2 SC||0.1 lb. (AI)||5.48+0.91d||5.54+1.14c||11.02+1.88d||2.14+0.24bc||13.16+1.98d|
|Alert 2 SC||0.2 lb.. (AI)||3.96+0.75d||2.64+0.54c||6.60+1.13d||1.72+0.25c||8.32+1.12d|
|Alert 2 SC||0.3 lb. (AI)||3.40+0.75d||4.85+2.97c||8.25+3.53d||2.48+0.33bc||10.73+3.64d|
|Vydate L||4.0 pt.||16.71+1.72ab||19.40+3.48b||36.11+4.61b||3.08+0.38ab||39.19+4.75b|
|Agri-Mek 0.15 EC||8.0 oz.||16.34+2.35bc||17.88+2.15b||34.23+4.24bc||2.69+0.30bc||36.92+4.40bc|
|Agri-Mek 0.15 EC||16.0 oz.||10.31+1.41c||11.99+1.86b||22.30+2.81c||3.48+0.46ab||25.78+3.06c|
Means in the same column followed by a different letter are significantly different (P<0.0001, SAS for Windows version 6.11). Data was transformed by square root (Y+0.5) prior to analysis. Untransformed means are presented.
_% Fruits damaged under
|14 Jul||21 Jul|
|Alert 2 SC||0.1 lb. (AI)||67.5+1.7cd||35.0+0.8f|
|Alert 2 SC||0.2 lb.. (AI)||30.0+2.0f||45.0+0.8e|
|Alert 2 SC||0.3 lb. (AI)||47.5+3.0e||35.0+1.4f|
|Vydate L||4.0 pt.||76.0+0.7b||85.0+1.4b|
|Agri-Mek 0.15 EC||8.0 oz.||70.0+2.5bc||62.5+1.3c|
|Agri-Mek 0.15 EC||16.0 oz.||62.5+0.7d||55.0+0.2d|
Means in the same column followed by a different letter are significantly different (P<0.0001, SAS for Windows version 6.11). Data was transformed by arcsine transformation prior to analysis. Untransformed means are presented.
|Agri-Mek||EC||abamectin||Merck & Co.|