Basil (Ocimum basilicum)

Basil (Ocimum basilicum) (Sweet Basil, Opal Basil, Thai Basil)

Basil is a popular herb grown for its aromatic leaves which are used fresh or dried and used as a spice. A native of central Asia and northwest India, basil is a member of the mint family. Although it is a perennial adapted to warm growing conditions, it is frequently grown as an annual. There are many varieties of basil that differ in aroma, color, plant size, and uses. Sweet basil is the most widely grown basil in Hawaii, and it is used in pesto, tomato dishes, salads, soups, and meat dishes, and used to flavor oil, vinegar, etc. Other commercially grown basil varieties include Opal, Thai, and lemon basil. Basil markets include hotels and restaurants, wholesalers, retailers, and pesto processors.

Chewing Type Pests

Common Name Scientific Name Picture
beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua (Hubner) (Damage)
Chinese rose beetle Adoretus sinicus Burmeister (Picture)
grass bagworm  Brachycyttarus griseus de Joannis (Picture)
lantana hispid  Uroplata girardi Pic (Larvae) (Pupae) (Adult)
palestriped flea beetle Systena blanda Melsheimer (Picture)
pinkwinged grasshopper Atractomorpha sinensis Bolivar (Picture)


Sucking Type Pests

Common Name Scientific Name Picture
a thrips Chaetanaphothrips leeuweni (Karny)  (Picture)
a thrips Dorcadothrips sp. (Picture)
a thrips Kurtomathrips morrilli Moulton (Picture)
a thrips Leucothrips sp. (Picture)
a thrips Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood (Picture)
a thrips Leucothrips piercei (Morgan) (Picture)
banana rind thrips Elixothrips brevisetis (Bagnall) (Picture)
banded greenhouse thrips Hercinothrips femoralis (O.M. Reuter) (Damage) (Adult)
chrysanthemum thrips Thrips nigropilosus Uzel (Damage)
Hawaiian flower thrips Thrips hawaiiensis (Morgan) (Adult)
melon thrips Thrips palmi Karny (Adult)
western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande (Adult)
yellow flower thrips Frankliniella schultzei (Trybom) (Picture)
southern green stink bug Nezara viridula (Linnaeus) (Picture)
Stevens leafhopper Empoasca stevensi Young (Adult)
a leafhopper Gyponana germari (Stal) (Picture)
Brasilian leafhopper Protalebrella brasiliensis (Baker) (Picture)
two spotted leafhopper Sophonia rufofascia (Picture)
a cicadellid leafhopper Exitianus exitiosus (Uhler) (Picture)
a cicadellid leafhopper Draeculacephala sp. (Picture)
garden fleahopper Halticus bractatus (Say) (Picture)
sweetpotato whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Picture)
greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) (Pupae)
spiraling whitefly  Aleurodicus dispersus Russell (Picture)
a cercopid (spittlebug)  Clastoptera xanthocephala (Picture)
hemispherical scale  Saissetia coffeae (Walker) (Picture)
a soft scale  Pulvinaria urbicola Cockerell (Picture)
celery leafminer Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) (Damage) (Adult)
an Eriophyid mite  species unknown (Picture)
broad mite Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks) (Damage) (Eggs)
red and black flat mite Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) (Damage) (Adult)